Bass Energy Exploration is independently owned and operated by the Bass family.
The oil and gas industry stands at a fascinating crossroads of tradition and innovation, marked by two distinct types of reserves: conventional and unconventional. At Bass Energy Exploration, we recognize the importance of understanding these differences, as they guide our exploration strategies and investment decisions. This post delves into the key distinctions between conventional and unconventional reserves, shedding light on their impact on the industry.
Conventional oil and gas reserves are found in large, porous rocks, typically sandstone or limestone, which act as natural reservoirs. These reservoirs are like sponges soaked in hydrocarbons, with natural pressure pushing the oil or gas to the surface.
Drilling into these reservoirs is often a straightforward affair. The natural pressure in the rock formation propels the oil or gas upwards, making extraction relatively easy and cost-effective. Traditional drilling techniques, such as vertical drilling, are predominantly used.
With well-established techniques and predictable outcomes, conventional drilling is often viewed as a lower-risk investment. It has shaped the backbone of the oil and gas industry for decades, offering stability and predictability.
Conventional drilling, while not without its environmental impacts, typically requires fewer wells and less land disturbance compared to its unconventional counterpart, leading to a relatively smaller environmental footprint.
Unconventional reserves are trapped in less permeable rocks, like shale or coalbeds. These formations make the hydrocarbons harder to extract, requiring more than just a simple well.
Advanced Techniques Required
Extracting these resources often involves innovative technologies like hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and horizontal drilling. These methods create pathways in the rock, releasing the trapped oil or gas.
Higher Investment and Greater Risks
The complexity and variability of geological formations make unconventional drilling a more technology-intensive and costlier endeavor. It poses higher risks but also promises access to vast resources previously deemed inaccessible.
Unconventional extraction methods are more invasive, with a larger environmental footprint. Issues like higher water usage, potential water contamination, and increased land disturbance are significant considerations.
For potential investors and industry professionals, understanding these differences is crucial. Conventional reserves offer a more traditional investment path with lower upfront costs and risks. In contrast, unconventional reserves open doors to vast resources, albeit with higher initial investments and technological demands.
Accredited investors have much exposure to oil investment. They can play the oil market in an indirect manner through investing in oil. Whether you’re a beginner investor or have more experience in the business, thorough research about the right gas investment company must come first. It takes more than a grasp of gas prices, supply, demand, and stock levels to make an oil and gas investment succeed. Principles such as responsible drilling and maintaining long-term returns must be kept in mind during this phase, however, the spending practices and the company treatment of its investors must also be part of the investment criteria. Many companies offer comprehensive investor packages that direct potential investors to knowledgeable advisors who will educate and inform them of their choices. The very important resource around the world is oil because it is the main source of energy that we consume in running cars, factories, companies and more. These have opened to gas investment opportunities to investors and many ventures in gas exploration companies. That’s why, there is a need for accredited investors to have a full grasp about the movement of exploration and production companies. Oil and gas projects should maintain good portfolio management in order to carefully select, prioritize and control the company’s programs and projects. Also, production companies explore conventional and unconventional methods of oil extraction. Conventional focuses on crude oil and natural gas, meanwhile the unconventional oil has a wide variety of sources such as oil sands, extra heavy oil and the like. But conventional oil is much easier and cheaper compared to unconventional methods.
Energy investing pronounces great benefits from tax benefits to high profitability. Oil and gas demand is continuously growing and this is the reason why oil investing has been so enticing these days. In recent years, the local oil and gas industry has been thriving due to America’s increasing dependence on domestic reserves, with Texas being its top producer. In 2019, this state alone produced 660,000 barrels per day. Current numbers are only expected to increase as crude oil production gets boosted by new drilling technologies such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drifting. Texas, along with New Mexico, is still expected to present leading numbers in 2020. Aside from heating, transportation, and electricity, secondary industries such as manufacturing and construction are some of the most notable businesses supplied by any oil and gas project. The boom of the said secondary industries that heavily rely on such an economically-crucial commodity like oil and gas ensures the profitability of its exploration for many years after an initial investment. Aside from substantial tax benefits and good investment mileage, experts in investment management advise aspiring investors to diversify their portfolios through energy investments. Diversifying investments ensures that your funds are robust and are not overly sensitive to fluctuations in the stock market. This also increases your chances of landing worthy investment opportunities going forward.
Gas exploration and production companies received the major tax benefits. To name a few are the following: all net losses can be considered as active income and can be offset as interests, wages and capital gains ; there is 15% depletion allowance against production revenue; intangible drilling cost which includes the actual drilling equipment; tangible drilling cost which covers the actual drilling cost; alternative minimum tax and more. Several tax advantages are made possible for those planning to go through with their gas investments in the United States. National tax policies are enacted to encourage an investor to place their funds in the local oil and gas industry. For instance, intangible oil drilling costs and tangible drilling costs, which make up the total cost incurred by any oil and gas company, are subject to a substantial tax deduction, allowing higher gross income for both the company and its capital partners. One may also enjoy a large percentage of tax-free gross income through tax policies allowing depletion allowances for smaller investors.
Most people invest in oil directly through the purchase of (1) futures contracts, or (2) Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs). Futures contracts, on the one hand, require substantial capital and are riskier. On the other hand, ETFs as direct investments can be bought through stocks at the stock exchange. In these investments, due diligence is required for your drilling investments.The oil demand increases as innovations in technology and evolving energy consumption continues to shape our world. Today, petroleum companies have engaged in the exploration of oil fields and many have seen this as perfect for investments.In oil and gas investment opportunities, it is always the better option to choose an ep company doing oil and gas exploration with a proven track record of generating substantial income and a good relationship with their investors.
If you have limited cash, test the oil company’s waters first by investing in oil and gas projects through mutual funds. As one type of investment with the least risk of losing money, you can study how your oil investments would move in companies engaged in oil and gas exploration and production. If you have more questions, don’t hesitate to contact a broker or read an article on Beginners’ Guide to Oil Investments (including the oil and gas glossary).
Some investors buy shares in oil-focused mutual funds. In this type of investment, you are putting money in different companies but in the same industry. This investment will help you realize overall profits from a specific industry without taking a direct hit if one or two companies go bankrupt. The general returns year over date can be less than outstanding and still carries significant risk factors. Others will directly invest in the well itself, providing higher return potentials with more control on their investment while also being hands-off.When you purchase a direct interest in a well, you are taking direct ownership of the wells’ production and costs. How you make your money is through the production of oil and gas from these wells. Return rates can be significantly faster than mutual funds, but they carry similar risks associated with any high reward investments. Another benefit of oil and gas investing is the oil tax breaks provided. The U.S. government encourages people to consider oil and gas investment to improve the gas industry’s cash flows. Aside from a gas investment tax deduction, some substantial tax benefits include other deductions in tangible and intangible drilling costs, depletion allowances, offset of losses against income, small producer tax exemptions, and lease costs. Aside from tax write-offs, oil and gas investment provides variation of your portfolio. Moreover, the oil and gas sector has consistent cash flow, like that in the real estate. These are very good for your passive income and create exponential returns.The oil market promises financial benefits when the market works out in your favour. The oil and gas sector maintains its economic standing because oil has no substitute. Unlike other goods in our economy they have their substitutes. Example, if the price of the apple juice increases, customers may opt to buy an orange juice or any other juice available in the market. But that is not the case for petroleum products; they don’t have any substitute or alternative.That’s why companies producing oil and gas need to maintain a value chain as its demand continuously increases. Activities need to be examined regularly and they must maintain to find competitive opportunities.
Oil and gas companies hold the biggest companies around the world. Energy investment provides investors with long-term passive income and very promising ROI. As the world’s population continuously grows, more oil and gas are needed to fuel cars, factories and more. These have ignited exploration and production companies to search more oil fields and find more resource partners and provide them oil investment opportunities. With the rapid industrialization of many developing economies, oil and gas investing continues to be one of the most promising ventures for the informed investor. A diverse set of investment opportunities await partners in the oil and gas industry. These opportunities range from high-risk energy investments for those with more experience and low-risk energy investments for those relatively new to the business. Both risk levels have proven to yield substantial income when matched with the right resources partners. However, when the pandemic hit last year, gas investment companies have been greatly affected. But this year, a prosperous outlook is seen for oil and gas investment as prices are observed to be gradually increasing.
In upstream oil and gas, the production phase is after the wells’ completion and equipping, and the production from those wells start to produce. This phase includes extracting oil and natural gas liquids. After collection, the oil is then moved to the midstream oil segment, which includes transportation of these resources safely for thousands of miles. The last segment, also known as downstream, is the refining and marketing of these resources into finished products. These petroleum products include gasoline, natural gas liquids, diesel, lubricants, plastics, packaging products, and much more that consume our everyday life.This is done by the integrated oil and gas production company which engages in the exploration of oil fields, production and refinement of oil and gas. They also include the distribution of oil and gas products.
The length of time it takes for oil exploration varies. The average time to study an area for feasibility is 1 to 3 months. Analyzing vast amounts of data in some locations is more difficult because of geological challenges. Most importantly, the prospects for production need to be studied and quantified by drilling first. The primary decision to continue infrastructure development would be based on this activity. Parts of infrastructure development include constructing wellheads, flow lines, gathering systems, and processing facilities. In most cases, this infrastructure is in place, which plays a significant factor in drilling locations and the reserves’ viability.
Using seismic reflections to detect hydrocarbons underground, echoes are captured using sensors to bounce off the sediments. This advanced technology can see depths of more than 3,000 meters even if reserves are hidden under layers of complex rock formations. To determine if the reservoirs are worth drilling into, we use surrounding well data in the area, multiple geological reviews backed by 3rd party evaluations, and numerous other technology forms to prove the leases.After exploration, these technologies will still be used to determine if there is still oil left — including details on pressure, temperature, and fluids. To determine if the reservoirs are worth drilling into, high-quality images from underground are essential. Sensors are placed over a wide area to record waves from different angles. These echoes or waves are collected over time. Many high-quality images are processed from a wide area. A geological map is produced, analyzed, and interpreted by scientists. After exploration, these technologies will still be used to determine if there is still oil left — including details on pressure, temperature, and fluids in the gas and oilfield service companies.There are three segments for the oil and gas industry: the upstream, midstream and downstream. The upstream is the exploration and production company which is the main task is to explore the reservoirs of raw materials. They are also called the E & P Company.The midstream company involved in transportation. They transport the raw materials to the oil and gas company who does the processing or refinery. The trading company has a good opportunity to make profits as it has strong trends in the world economy.The downstream segment is for the petroleum industry which removes impurities and converts oil and gas products for general use such as jet fuel, heating oil, gasoline and asphalt.
Activities that include search, exploration, drilling, and extraction phases are the earliest parts of oil exploration and production (E&P or EP). Since oil extraction is costly, the E&P stage is very crucial. Rock formations and layers of sediment within the soil are assessed if oil and natural gas are present. Through land surveys, these areas are identified to locate specific minerals. After identification, the underground areas are further studied to estimate the amount of oil and gas reserves before drilling. Vibrations from machinery and other forms of sound technology are used to help understand the extent of these reserves. Oil drilling and oil servicing are separate business activities. Typical oil exploration and production companies do not have their drilling equipment. They hire drilling companies at a contract. After drilling, well servicing activities are done to generate and maintain oil production. These include maintenance, logging, cementing, casing, fracturing, and perforating.